Osteochondrosis of the cervical region and other areas of the jaw ridge, which is widespread worldwide, affects more than half of all women and men aged at least 30 years and children. For a child, this is a particularly dangerous disease that affects the intervertebral discs and joints and has devastating consequences for the developing spine. Complications to which the disease leads are of varying degrees. One of them can be a hernia, the signs of which should be considered separately.
The symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis cause most of the problems for a person. This is because there is a large number of nerve endings and fibers in this part. In addition, the most important blood vessels that supply the brain are concentrated here. So, the main signs of the disease in question:
- Throat problems, "lump in the throat";
- nausea and vomiting;
- noise and ringing in the ears;
- loss of consciousness (fainting);
- lack of air;
- jumps in blood pressure;
- visual impairment;
- local temperature changes.
According to the 10th International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), cervical osteochondrosis has several positions, each of which corresponds to a separate code. The classification is based on the affected areas of the spine and the age of the patient, according to which osteochondrosis is "juvenile" and "adult". Cervical osteochondrosis has the general code M42. On the Internet, using the ICD-10 table, you can find the necessary information, including all the signs of cervical osteochondrosis.
Pain in osteochondrosis
An attack of pain in cervical osteochondrosis (ICD code -10 - M42) is a very common symptom. This attack can be limited to the neck region only, spreading to the shoulders and neck muscles.
Most often, however, patients complain of pain in the head. This pain of varying intensity (pain, bursting) can intensify when turning the head. A person feels pressure in the eyeball, there may be discomfort in the area of \u200b\u200bthe heart, under the shoulder blades, numbness in the hands. The attack of pain is explained by a strong mechanical irritation of the nerve endings passing between the vertebrae.
The branched nervous system provides thermoregulation, control of motor, sensory functions, is responsible for the coordination of movements and muscle tone. Also, damage to receptors by fragments of intervertebral discs or bone outgrowths causes pain in cervical osteochondrosis.
Dizziness as a symptom of cervical osteochondrosis (ICD-10 code - M42) can occur after sleep, but not only. Especially if the person slept on a high pillow. A dizzy spell may also cause sudden head movements (they may be accompanied by a crunching of the vertebrae). With this phenomenon, there is a strong darkening of the eyes, the patient loses orientation in space. Also, dizziness can be combined with nausea, vomiting and other symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis and lead to fainting. Of course, it is not the dizziness itself that needs to be treated, but rather its cause, i. e. the osteochondrosis.
Throat problems, "lump in the throat"
Sometimes almost the only manifestation of osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebrae (ICD code -10 - M42) are the so-called pharyngeal symptoms. There is a sore throat, the presence of a foreign body ("lump in the throat"), as well as dryness, itching, difficulty swallowing.
"Throat lump" and other pharyngeal symptoms are caused by dystrophy and degeneration of the intervertebral discs of the cervical spine, located at the level of the pharynx.
In addition, they are caused by injury to the nerve endings of the spinal cord, inflammation of the nerves, circulatory failure, pathological tension of the muscles of the throat.
nausea and vomiting
An attack of nausea in cervical osteochondrosis (ICD code -10 - M42), as well as a "lump in the throat" can appear suddenly, especially in closed rooms with poor ventilation or with a sharp change in body position. Sometimes the patient has not only nausea, but also indomitable vomiting, which can be provoked by head turns, tilts, and even normal walking. Again, nausea and vomiting, as well as a "lump in the throat" are characteristic not only of osteochondrosis, but also of a number of other diseases of the body. For example, nausea and vomiting during pregnancy are very different in women. Therefore - diagnosis and again - diagnosis. And, if necessary, sick leave.
noise (ringing) in the ears
The vestibular apparatus is supplied with blood only from the system of vertebral arteries, therefore, with cervical osteochondrosis (ICD code -10 - M42), symptoms associated with dysfunction of the inner ear are very often observed. In common usage they are referred to as "noise (or ringing) in the ears". Added to this is the frequently occurring hearing loss of varying degrees. And all together it was called "Cochlear (Cochlear) Syndrome".
"Noise and ringing" and a general deterioration in hearing of varying degrees are manifested due to the long stay of the patient in an uncomfortable position favorable for the development of this disease.
It's better to call in sick without waiting. Sudden loss of consciousness occurs in patients with cervical osteochondrosis (ICD-10 code - M42) due to severe arterial spasm. This spasm occurs in response to injury to nerve endings from deformed processes of the bones of the vertebrae.
As a rule, with emergency care, the patient can recover quite quickly. To do this, a person needs to be put in the "lying" position and raise his legs. This is done to improve blood flow from the veins of the legs.
There are cases when, after fainting, the patient has motor and (or) speech disorders of varying degrees.
lack of air
An attack of lack of air in osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebrae (ICD-10 code - M42) is a symptom of irritation of the phrenic nerve (this nerve is involved in regulating the depth and frequency of breathing). A person begins to suffer from oxygen starvation and shortness of breath, up to suffocation. An attack of respiratory arrest becomes possible at night. With a chronic lack of oxygen, an irreversible change in the brain tissue is possible. The latter leads to absent-mindedness and impaired memory. And that is much more dangerous than, for example, nausea, vomiting or "lump in the throat".
Breathing and other exercises, including yoga, have been shown to be effective in overcoming this symptom. However, yoga should only be practiced under the guidance of an experienced practitioner.
jumps in blood pressure
Hypertension is a fairly common diagnosis as a result of exacerbation of osteochondrosis (ICD code 10 - M42), that is, with the development of intervertebral hernia or cervical protrusions.
One of the main signs in this case should be jumps, a drop in blood pressure, which is accompanied by an attack of dizziness and a headache. Arterial hypertension (hypertension) is often exacerbated by what is known as brain starvation, which occurs when the cervical region is affected to varying degrees.
Since the organs of vision are supplied with blood not only from the vertebral arteries, but also from the carotid arteries, disturbances in their work due to osteochondrosis of the cervical region (ICD code -10 - M42) are somewhat less common than, for example, "lump in the throat. "But alsothese cases should not be neglected and the possibility of taking sick leave to combat the disease should not be neglected. With complications in the eyes with osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebrae, patients most often complain of a veil before the eyes, a decrease in sharpness and visual acuity, and blinking dots, floating "motes".
In a short time, vision can improve, and then vice versa.
With osteochondrosis of the cervical spine (ICD code -10 - M42), the temperature of the whole body, as a rule, does not deviate from the norm. Its increase, "lump in the throat", may indicate other diseases (for example, with a cold), when you need to apply for sick leave. But an increase in skin temperature in a certain area of \u200b\u200bthe body may well be in the area of direct damage to theSpine with osteochondrosis occur. This requires accurate diagnosis.
Features of the symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis in children
The main manifestations of cervical osteochondrosis in children are the same as in adult men and women. However, a headache attack in a child, for example, has a slightly different character.
Adults suffer from pain sensations of varying degrees, first appearing in the occipital region, and then spreading to the forehead, eyes and ears. When turning the head, the pain increases. But in children there is not such a clear pattern, the pain is less local.
A headache attack in a child can be so severe that you do not do homework, do not do homework, go to school normally and have to be on sick leave. With osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebrae in children, patients try to fix their head in a certain position and are afraid to move it. Other symptoms of the disease are less pronounced in the child. But the crunch and crackle when turning the head is very common in a child.
Frequent osteochondrosis of the cervical spine in children can be the result of a birth injury to the spine.
Diagnosing the disease at an early age in children is not so difficult.
If the symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis are detected in time, then the diagnosis of the disease in women, men and children is the right key that will allow you to fight for the healing of the cervical spine and prevent possible complications. The methods of struggle include special procedures, gymnastics, yoga classes.